IUCN World Parks Congress – Sydney, Australia

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The International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) once-a-decade World Wilderness Congress in Sydney, Australia wrapped up in late November.  SCI Foundation spoke with WILD Foundation Board Member, Brit Hosmer, who attended the meeting to learn what important items were discussed.

Ms. Hosmer reports that the eight day congress had over 6,000 participants from 169 countries.  Forums called for the increase of wildlife and marine protected areas and protection of primary forests.  There were also discussions recognizing the rights of indigenous people, climate change, youth participation, and wildlife crime. Through the congress, there was only one panel on sustainable use of natural resources that focused exclusively on hunting and fishing.  The panel was moderated by past SCI Conservationist of the Year Award winner, Dr. Shane Mahoney.

Although, international hunting was not the focus of the panels, sustainable, scientifically managed hunting was more often seen in a positive light and a part of conservation rather than separate or a negative practice.

One paneled debate, The Nature of Crime, focused specifically on poaching, wildlife crime, and enforcement.  The tension in the room was high with close to 1,000 audience members that acted as the real gauge of the debate. Panel members included representatives from the Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), World Wildlife Fund (WWF), IUCN as well as government officials from some of the participating governments.

“It was an interesting cast of characters and opinions,” Brit Hosmer said. “For instance, there was applause for an assertion that regardless of philosophies, the trade has been stimulated by legal sales, and equal applause for the cautioning against conclusions that stopping the legal trade would mean stopping the illegal problem of poaching.  It was obvious, at this panel at least, that the conservation community is much divided on legal sale of certain wildlife products.”

To view the entire panel discussion click here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L3Jw-rWYClQ

The World Wilderness Congress is the world’s longest-running, public conservation project and environmental forum. The Congress has now convened 9 times on 5 continents and is dedicated to highlighting wilderness as an issue of international importance. It is critical that events and forums like the Congress and SCI Foundation’s African Wildlife Consultative Forum continue to engage those in the conservation community and educate the general public. Open discussion will ensure that the best policies are in place to sustain our world’s wildlife populations and we are happy to see what solutions stem from the stimulating discussions of this year’s meeting.

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Vanity Fair – Agony and Ivory

Vanity Fair Magazine: By Alex Shoumatoff – August 2011

Highly emotional and completely guileless, elephants mourn their dead—and across Africa, they are grieving daily as demand from China’s “suddenly wealthy” has driven the price of ivory to $700 a pound or more. With tens of thousands of elephants being slaughtered each year for their tusks, raising the specter of an “extinction vortex,” Alex Shoumatoff travels from Kenya to Seattle to Guangzhou, China, to expose those who are guilty in the massacre—and recognize those who are determined to stop it.

… In 2008, post-election ethnic violence followed by the global recession halved tourism to Kenya, making the wildlife in the parks even harder to protect. Then, in 2009, one of the worst droughts in living memory hit much of the country. More than 400 elephants in Amboseli died. The Maasai lost many of their cows and are still struggling, while the price of ivory is higher than ever, so increasing numbers of them are risking the misfortune that killing an elephant could bring on their families, according to their traditional thinking, and are getting into poaching. There are brokers just across the Tanzania border who are paying cash—around $20 a pound—for raw ivory and selling it to the Chinese. Or perhaps there is a series of transactions, a series of middlemen, but ultimately what is not being picked up by the Kenya Wildlife Service’s sniffing dogs at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, in Nairobi, is making its way by all kinds of circuitous routes to China, where raw ivory is now fetching $700 or more a pound. Ninety percent of the passengers who are being arrested for possession of ivory at Jomo Kenyatta are Chinese nationals, and half the poaching in Kenya is happening within 20 miles of one of the five massive Chinese road-building projects in various stages of completion.

There had been almost no poaching around Amboseli for 30 years before a Chinese company got the contract to build a 70-mile-long highway just above the park. Since the road crews arrived, in 2009, four of Amboseli’s magnificent big-tusked bulls have been killed, and the latest word is that the poachers are now going after the matriarchs—a social and genetic disaster, because elephants live in matriarchies, and removing the best breeders of both sexes from the gene pool could funnel the Amboseli population into what is known as an “extinction vortex.”

Unfortunately, this problem isn’t limited to just Kenya. Across the continent, in their 37 range states, from Mali to South Africa, Ethiopia to Gabon, elephants are being killed, some believe, at the rate of around 100 a day, 36,500 a year. But like so many things in Africa, it is impossible to know how many elephants there really are (estimates run from 400,000 to 650,000), how many are being slaughtered for their tusks (figures range from “more than 4,000” to “as many as 60,000” a year), or how much ivory is being smuggled to Asia (over the last 10 years, an annual average of roughly 45,000 pounds has been seized in Asia or en route).

To read the full 8 page article please go to: Vanityfair.com